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Title

ASSOCIATION OF PERSONALITY TRAITS WITH DIETARY HABITS IN FEMALE STUDENTS AT JUNDISHAPUR UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES

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 Start Page 126 | End Page 126

Abstract

 Background: Healthy nutrition has important role in prevention of chronic disease and it increases the level of well-being. Among factors determining the food choice and DIETARY HABITS, psychological factors play important roles and personality is considered as a key factor. The aim of this study was to assess the relation between DIETARY HABITS and PERSONALITY TRAITS.Methods: This cross-sectional study included 224 female students at Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences aged between 18 and 30 years. The NEO-Five Factor Inventory questionnaire was used to assess the five dimensions of personality (neuroticism, extraversion, openness to experience, agreeableness and conscientiousness).Dietary habits were assessed using DIETARY HABITS questionnaire containing 20 questions about DIETARY HABITS. Data were analyzed using Pearson correlation coefficient, stepwise regression test.Results: High neuroticism and openness types were significantly associated with low scores of DIETARY HABITS indicating unhealthy DIETARY HABITS in these types (p<0.01). In addition, high conscientiousness was significantly related to high scores of DIETARY HABITS implying healthy DIETARY HABITS (p<0.01). Stepwise regression analysis showed that there were PERSONALITY TRAITS that can significantly predict the DIETARY HABITS (p<0.01).Conclusion: PERSONALITY TRAITS were related to DIETARY HABITS; hence, nutritional education is suggested on the basis of PERSONALITY TRAITS to modify the dietary pattern and prevention of chronic disease in students.

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