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Title

EVALUATION OF ANTHROPOMETRIC INDICES, EATING BEHAVIORS AND RELATED FACTORS IN PATIENTS WITH HISTORY OF ADDICTION

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 Start Page 138 | End Page 139

Abstract

 Background: Evidence suggests that ADDICTION could affect nutrient absorption and metabolism, and induced nutritional deficiencies and malnutrition. Because nutritional evaluation is the first step in the nutrition care process, we are going to assess ANTHROPOMETRIC INDICES, eating behavior in addicted patients who referred to ADDICTION Treatment Centers of Qom.Methods: In this descriptive-analytical study, first we randomly select 4 of 9 centers of drug rehabilitation centers in the city of Qom, and 329 patients were enrolled from 4 centers. Survey questions included descriptive demographics, Type of opiate, dietary habits, and then assess ANTHROPOMETRIC INDICES include of height, weight, waist circumference, arm circumference and thickness of skinfold in triceps and calf.Results: Twenty-nine percent of addicted people are in the detoxification process. There is no relationship between the how to use of opiate and treatment periods with ANTHROPOMETRIC INDICES (excluding a relation between how to use of opiate and waist circumference). Also, except height, there are no relationships between other ANTHROPOMETRIC INDICES and type of used opiate. No statistically significant difference was found between body mass index Downloaded from of Opium and Hashish consumers. So, body mass index of opium consumers is 3.07 more than Hashish consumers.Conclusion: According to these results, with respect to importance of nutritional issues in addicted patients, and lack of self-care and financial capability, governmental support program and education course is necessary to improvement of quality and quantity of addicted people diet.

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