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Journal: BASIC AND CLINICAL NEUROSCIENCE | Year:0 | Volume:3 | Issue:1 | Start Page:22 | End Page:29

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Title

HOMAYOUN AS A PERSIAN MUSIC SCALE ON NON-MUSICIAN’S BRAIN: AN FMRI STUDY

Pages

 Start Page 22 | End Page 29

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Abstract

 Introduction: The aim of this study was to get to a neurological evaluation of one of the PERSIAN MUSIC scales, HOMAYOUN, on BRAIN activation of non-musician subjects. We selected this scale because HOMAYOUN is one of the main scales in Persian classical music which is similar to minor mode in western scales.Methods: This study was performed on 19 right handed subjects, Aging 22-31. Here some pieces from HOMAYOUN Dastgah are used in both RHYTHMic and nonrhythmic.Result: The results of this study revealed the BRAIN activities for each of RHYTHMic and non-rhythmic versions of HOMAYOUN Dastgah. The activated regions for nonrhythmic HOMAYOUN contained: right and left Subcallosal Cortex, left Medial Frontal cortex, left anterior Cingulate Gyrus, left Frontal Pole and for RHYTHMic HOMAYOUN contained: left Precentral Gyrus, left Precuneous Cortex, left anterior Supramarginal, left Superior Parietal Lobule, left Postcentral Gyrus. Also, we acquired amygdala area in both pieces of music.Discussion: Based on arousal effects of RHYTHM and Damasio's somatic marker hypothesis, non-rhythmic HOMAYOUN activates regions related to emotion and thinking while activity of RHYTHMic HOMAYOUN is related to areas of movement and motion.

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