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The Effect of Beck’ s Cognitive Therapy and Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy on Sociotropic and Autonomous Personality Styles in Patients With Depression

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 Start Page 1 | End Page 6

Abstract

 Background: Depression is characterized by a great risk of relapse and recurrence. Mindfulness-based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) and Cognitive Therapy are efficacious psychosocial interventions for recurrent Depression. Objectives: The aim of the present research was to compare the effect of Beck’ s Cognitive Therapy (BCT) and MBCT on reduction of Depression and sociotropic and autonomous Personality Styles in Iranian depressed patients. Patients and Methods: The study sample consisted of 30 subjects randomly selected from patients with Depression in Mashhad city, Iran. The subjects were assigned randomly to experimental groups. The 2 techniques used for treatment were BCT and MBCT. The data collection instruments used in the research consisted of psychological interview, the Beck Depression Inventory II and the revised Personal Style Inventory (RPSI). The research data was analyzed using repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA). Results: BCT and MBCT were effective in reducing Depression, but BCT and MBCT did not cause any change in the sociotropic and autonomous Personality Styles in patients with Depression. Conclusions: The results provide support for the role of BCT and MBCT plays in reducing Depression. However, the results did not approve their role in changing sociotropic and autonomous Personality Styles in patients with Depression.

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