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Title

LIVED EXPERIENCES OF MOTHERS OF CHILDREN WITH URINARY INCONTINENCE: PHENOMENOLOGICAL APPROACH

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 Start Page 24 | End Page 25

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Abstract

 Introduction: Involuntary and inappropriate urinary excretion in bed or cloths at least twice a week till three months in a child who should have voluntary bladder control normally can have harmful effects on the child and parents. This situation doesn’t have any association with direct physiological effects of substances such as diuretics or public medical problems.Methods: In this qualitative study, experiences of 10 mothers of 5 to 14 years old children suffering from enuresis were investigated by using semistructured interviews until data saturation. After transcription, data were analyzed using content analysis.Results: The main themes were as following: 1- Experiences about ways to deal with urinary incontinence contain: lack of knowledge of mothers regarding treatment, hopelessness and shame. 2- Experiences related to the objective effects of urinary incontinence contain: the negative effects on social relationships, socioeconomic status and personal habits of mothers. 3- Experiences related to subjective effects of urinary incontinence include: fear of future, scapegoat and using inappropriate coping strategies.Discussion: The findings indicated that children suffering from urinary incontinence can impose stress, anxiety and many negative changes to the mothers and their families and threat their healthy way of life.Conclusion: According to the psychological effects of this disorder, it is recommended that parents and their child get consultations regularly and to be educated regarding treatment and to promote their motivation for follow up.

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