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Title

EPIDEMIOLOGY AND ETHICS: O-22: EFFECTIVENESS OF HIV COUNSELING SERVICES ON KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE, BEHAVIOR AND PRACTICE (KABP) AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN ATTENDING PPTC PROGRAM

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 Start Page 39 | End Page 39

Abstract

 Background: The Background of this study was to assess (KABP) regarding HIV/AIDS among PREGNANT WOMEN attending PPTCT program before and after counseling at Lok Nayak Hospital, New Delhi. Materials and Methods: It was an intervention longitudinal study. Data was collected by interviewing 600 PREGNANT WOMEN attending antenatal clinic during May 2006 to May 2007 using a pre-test and post-tested questionnaire. They were selected based on the eligibility criteria of gestational age between 5-32 weeks. PREGNANT WOMEN were excluded if they were HIV positive or had received anti-retroviral therapy before attending the clinic. Women who had formal counseling about HIV/ AIDS earlier were also excluded. Data was entered and analyzed by using SPSS 16.Results: About 69.2% of the PREGNANT WOMEN had heard about AIDS before the counseling. Knowledge regarding mother to child transmission of HIV was 53.5%. 38.2% knew that mother to child transmission can be reduced by drugs. The knowledge of PREGNANT WOMEN about AIDS was significantly different in pre-test (mean score =15.3) and post test (mean score=35.6) (p<0.0001). Attitude of study participants towards people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) indicated that individuals with HIV should be allowed to work (79.9%) and all commercial sex workers should compulsorily be tested for HIV (94.3%). There was significant difference between in pre-test and post-test attitude about PLWHA and HIV testing (p<0.0001). Overall, condom usage among spouses of study participants significantly improved after counseling [241(47.3%) before and 345 (67.6%) after counseling] (p<0.05). Conclusion: Counseling services were effective in increasing knowledge and changes in attitude and behavior among PREGNANT WOMEN and the efforts needs to be sustained.

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