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Title

SEROEPIDEMIOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION OF TOXOCARIASIS IN THE IS PARTA REGION OF TURKEY

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 Start Page 52 | End Page 59

Abstract

 Background: TOXOCARIASIS is a common disease around the world. Our objective was to determine Toxocara SEROPREVALENCE in humans in the city of Isparta, Southwest TURKEY, in respect of some determinants such as age, socio-economic level, residence in city center or rural area etc.Methods: Five hundred and thirty four individual participants from Isparta center and 85 from Asagi Gokdere village were included in the study. T. cati specific antibodies were analyzed using excretory-secretory (ES)-enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method.Results: T. cati antibodies were detected as positive in 73 (13.6%) of 534 samples which were collected from subjects living in the city center and 24 (28.2%) of 85 samples from Asagi Gokdere village. Toxocara seropositivity was detected among 15.6% of whole study group. The SEROPREVALENCE of TOXOCARIASIS was significantly higher among subjects from village than in subjects from city center (P=0.001). While gender, high school education, source of the water which is used, family income and geophagia/eating nail behaviors were the features which were detected as being associated with TOXOCARIASIS seropositivity (odds ratios=0.5; 6.52; 3.61; 0.43; 0.13 respectively), owning dogs or cats and hand washing were detected as being not associated with TOXOCARIASIS seropositivity (P>0.05). Furthermore, Toxocara seropositivity was significantly higher among subjects in 0-10 than >40 year-old group (P=0.02).Conclusion: It can be suggested that untreated lost pet population, environmental contamination, and way of life have influence on the epidemiology of TOXOCARIASIS.

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