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Title

DAIRY WASTEWATER TREATMENT AND SIMULTANEOUS ELECTRICITY GENERATION USING MICROBIAL FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGY

Pages

 Start Page 83 | End Page 92

Abstract

 IntroductionPopulation growth, increasing consumption of natural energy sources, the increasing use of fossil fuels, especially the oil and gas industry in recent years with the energy imbalance management has led to emergence of global energy crisis. Moreover, rapid urbanization and industrialization have substantially increased the amount of high-strength wastewater being produced, which in turn increases the amount of pollution in receiving waters. Dairy industries which have a high percentage of organic substrates in their wastewater are considered to be one of the most contaminated food industries. Organic compounds existing in milk as (proteins, carbohydrates and fats) account for a large amount of the chemical oxygen demand (COD) found in dairy industries wastewaters and can have important effects on municipal waste treatment plants. With regard to the discharge of dairy industries wastewater in the environment, as a result of the presence high level of nitrogen and phosphor, the eutrophication occurs in receiving waters especially in lakes and rivers with small waves.

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