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Title

COMPARING MENTAL DISORDER SYMPTOMS AMONG MALE AND FEMALE PRISONERS

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Abstract

 Background: Several studies conducted around the world have reported a high prevalence of MENTAL DISORDERs among PRISONers/fa?page=1&sort=1&ftyp=all&fgrp=all&fyrs=all" target="_blank"> PRISONERS and suggest that some MENTAL DISORDERs are more prevalent among female PRISONers/fa?page=1&sort=1&ftyp=all&fgrp=all&fyrs=all" target="_blank"> PRISONERS compared to their male counterparts. However, a limited number of studies have been conducted to examine MENTAL DISORDERs among Iranian female PRISONers/fa?page=1&sort=1&ftyp=all&fgrp=all&fyrs=all" target="_blank"> PRISONERS and to compare their results with those of male PRISONers/fa?page=1&sort=1&ftyp=all&fgrp=all&fyrs=all" target="_blank"> PRISONERS.Objectives: The main focus of this study was to compare MENTAL DISORDER symptoms among male and female PRISONers/fa?page=1&sort=1&ftyp=all&fgrp=all&fyrs=all" target="_blank"> PRISONERS.Materials and Methods: The statistical population of the current study included all male and female PRISONers/fa?page=1&sort=1&ftyp=all&fgrp=all&fyrs=all" target="_blank"> PRISONERS in Zahedan central PRISON. The sampling method was conducted such that a number of variables were evaluated, including PRISONers/fa?page=1&sort=1&ftyp=all&fgrp=all&fyrs=all" target="_blank"> PRISONERS’ citizenship, marital status, home address, high level of supervision, and the type of crime committed. Among all PRISONers/fa?page=1&sort=1&ftyp=all&fgrp=all&fyrs=all" target="_blank"> PRISONERS, 275 individuals met the inclusion criteria to participate in this study. Therefore, to determine the sample size, Cochran’s formula was used. Then, after applying a simple random method (i.e., sortation), 160 questionnaires were distributed to male and female PRISONers/fa?page=1&sort=1&ftyp=all&fgrp=all&fyrs=all" target="_blank"> PRISONERS. To collect data, the symptom checklist-90 was used.Results: The results of the multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) indicated that symptoms of somatic complaints, depression, anxiety, aggression, and phobia were more prevalent among female PRISONers/fa?page=1&sort=1&ftyp=all&fgrp=all&fyrs=all" target="_blank"> PRISONERS compared to their male counterparts, and only symptoms of paranoid thoughts and psychosis were more prevalent among male PRISONers/fa?page=1&sort=1&ftyp=all&fgrp=all&fyrs=all" target="_blank"> PRISONERS compared to female PRISONers/fa?page=1&sort=1&ftyp=all&fgrp=all&fyrs=all" target="_blank"> PRISONERS (P£0.01). However, no significant difference was found among male and female PRISONers/fa?page=1&sort=1&ftyp=all&fgrp=all&fyrs=all" target="_blank"> PRISONERS with regard to obsession and interpersonal sensitivity (P³0.05).Conclusions: Although the number of female PRISONers/fa?page=1&sort=1&ftyp=all&fgrp=all&fyrs=all" target="_blank"> PRISONERS is far less than that of male PRISONers/fa?page=1&sort=1&ftyp=all&fgrp=all&fyrs=all" target="_blank"> PRISONERS, the results of this study revealed that female PRISONers/fa?page=1&sort=1&ftyp=all&fgrp=all&fyrs=all" target="_blank"> PRISONERS suffer from more mental problems compared to male PRISONers/fa?page=1&sort=1&ftyp=all&fgrp=all&fyrs=all" target="_blank"> PRISONERS. Therefore, providing mental health services for this vulnerable population appears essential.

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