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Title

RECURRENCE OF HYPERPARATHYROID HYPERCALCEMIA IN A PATIENT WITH THE HRPT-2 MUTATION AND A PREVIOUS PARATHYROID CARCINOMA IN HYPERPARATHYROIDISM-JAW TUMOR SYNDROME

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Abstract

 Introduction: Cancer in the parathyroid gland is rare, but PARATHYROID CANCER is occasionally seen in relation to genetic abnormalities.Due to a limited amount of evidence, the optimal handling of these cases is not clear. Furthermore, the presence of a malignant parathyroid tumor is rarely known at the time of the initial operation; therefore, re-operations are often necessary. The aim of this study was to present the case of a patient with a previously diagnosed JAW TUMOR and parathyroid carcinoma that presents as a recurrence of hyperparathyroid hypercalcemia.Case Presentation: A 41-year-old patient who was already diagnosed with a parathyroid carcinoma and a JAW TUMOR caused by a CDC73 mutation, presented with biochemical evidence of increasing parathyroid hormone (PTH) and calcium levels after a previous total parathyroidectomy. The patient’s ionized calcium increased to 1.55mmol/LandPTHincreased to 16.0 pmol/L.Aprevious genetic analysis revealed a mutation in the CDC73 gene. There was no family history of HYPERPARATHYROIDISM. We performed a sestamibi scintigraphy and an 11-C methionine (MET) positron emission tomography (PET) scan that showed a recurrence on the left side of the trachea. Thepatientunderwenta third neck operation for the removal of atumoronthe left side of the trachea. Thepathology report revealed that the tumor was a lymph node metastasis from the previous parathyroid carcinoma. The patient is currently enrolled in our follow-up regime. HYPERPARATHYROIDISM-jaw tumor (HPT-JT) syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant disorder characterized by a parathyroid adenoma or carcinoma, fibro-osseous lesions (ossifying fibroma) of the mandible and maxilla, and renal cysts and tumors. This autosomal dominant familial cancer syndrome has been reported with a variable and incomplete penetrance, and up to 10% of gene carriers do not show any clinical manifestations. Here we present a patient’s case and discuss the literature related to this condition.Conclusions: The recurrence of hyperparathyroid hypercalcemia in HTP-JT syndrome after an initial total parathyroidectomy is a well-known condition necessitating careful management, an evaluation of any underlying genetic abnormality, and a family examination.A surgical treatment and surveillance of calcium and PTH measurements are necessary to prevent a recurrence.

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