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Journal: MEDICAL JOURNAL OF THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN (MJIRI) | Year:0 | Volume:31 | Issue:1 | Start Page:0 | End Page:0

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Title

Common malignant cutaneous conditions among albinos in Kenya

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Abstract

 Background: Albinos in Africa are at constant risk of developing Skin Cancer due to the damage caused by ultra-violet exposure. This study identifies the common skin conditions among Albinos in Kenya as a country located along the equator. Methods: In this descriptive study on albino patients who were admitted to Mbagathi District Hospital in Nairobi, Kenya the census method was used for sampling and a total of 151 Albinos were registered. All necessary data including age, gender, type, site and the number of skin lesions were recorded. Suspected patients with malignant and premalignant lesions were studied individually through skin biopsy and histopathological investigation. Finally, the collected data were analyzed using SPSS software. Results: Albinos with serious skin lesions were 121(80%) patients. Females were 64 (52. 9%). The frequency of the following premalignant and malignant skin lesions including actinic-cheilitis, solar elastosis, actinic keratosis (AK), basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) were 17. 88%, 11. 92%, 37. 08%, 7. 94% and 5. 29%, respectively. Hands (20. 52%), face (19. 20%), head (18. 18%), shoulder (14. 56%) and neck (7. 94%) were the most affected areas by malignant and premalignant lesions. Conclusions: BCC was the most common type of cutaneous malignancy on the face and shoulders while AK was the most common cutaneous pre-malignancy on the hands and face in Albinos in Kenya. Therefore, appropriate physical protection, avoiding any trauma when carrying sharp, heavy or rough instruments by the shoulder and hands, and finally urgent and quality treatment for any lesion even a small erosion and ulcer, especially on exposed areas in Albinos, are recommended.

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