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STRESS AMONG IRANIAN NURSES IN CRITICAL WARDS

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Abstract

 Background: Stress has been recognized as a significant psychosocial and physiologic component in educational and practical processes.Objectives: The purpose of present study was to survey stress among IRANian nurses in critical wards.Patients and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 3643 anonymous questionnaires were disseminated among nurses in different hospitals in Tehran, IRAN, by utilizing multistage random sampling. The questionnaire consisted of two sections: demographic characteristics and a 22-item list on a five-point Likert scale. The association of variables with stress was evaluated using hierarchical logistic regression.Results: A total of 3043 completed questionnaires were completed and returned (response rate, 83.53%). Age (>33 years, 1571 (51.63%);<33 years old, 1472 (48.37%)), marital status (single, 188 (6.18%); married, 2685 (88.24%); and widow, 170 (5.59%)), working shift (morning, 605 (19.88%); evening, 631 (20.74%); night, 603 (19.82%); and rotation, 1204 (39.57%)), and the years of experience of nurses (1 - 5 years, 413 (13.57%); 6 - 10 years, 589 (19.36%); 11-15 years, 832 (27.34%); 16 - 20 years, 758 (24.91%); and 21-25 years, 451 (14.82%)) had significant association with the level of stress (P<0.05 for all parameters). However, sex (male, 937 (30.79%); and female, 2106 (69.21%)), education (associate, 444 (14.59%); baccalaureate, 2250 (73.94%); and master, 349 (11.47%)), and body mass index (>24.6 kg/m2, 2514 (49.75%); and<24.6 kg/m2, 1529 (50.25%)) showed no significant association with the level of stress (P>0.05 for all parameters).Conclusions: Considering the personal and background characteristics of personnel and understanding their association with stress and stressful situations encompasses the ability to persevere and adapt to contextual stressors.

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