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Title

A NEW PEPTIDE NUCLEOTIDE ACID BIOSENSOR FOR ELECTROCHEMICAL DETECTION OF SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE POLYMORPHISM IN DUPLEX DNA VIA TRIPLEX STRUCTURE FORMATION

Pages

 Start Page 1075 | End Page 1083

Abstract

 In this paper, we report a new PNA BIOSENSOR for electrochemical detection of POINT MUTATION or single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in p53 gene corresponding oligonucleotide based on PNA/ds-DNA triplex formation following hybridization of PNA probe with double-stranded DNA (ds-DNA) sample without denaturing the ds-DNA into single-stranded DNA (ss-DNA). As p53 gene is mutated in many human tumors, this research is useful for cancer therapy and genomic study. In this approach, methylene blue (MB) is used for electrochemical signal generation and the interaction between MB and oligonucleotides is studied by differential pulse voltammety (DPV). Probe-modified electrode is prepared by self-assembled monolayer (SAM) formation of thiolated PNA molecules on the surface of Au electrode. A significant increase in the reduction signal of MB following hybridization of the probe with the complementary double-stranded oligonucleotide (ds-oligonucleotide) confirms the function of the BIOSENSOR. The selectivity of the PNA sensor is investigated by non-complementary ds-oligonucleotides and the results support the ability of the sensor to detect single-base mismatch directly on ds-oligonucleotide. The influence of probe and ds-DNA concentrations on the effective discrimination against complementary sequence and POINT MUTATION is studied and the concentration of 10-6 M is selected as appropriate concentration. Diagnostic performance of the BIOSENSOR is described and the detection limit is found to be 4.15×10-12 M.

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