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Title

MORTALITY OF THE IRANIAN EX-PRISONERS OF WAR IN IRAQI DETENTION CAMPS (1980–1990)

Writers

KHAJI A.

Pages

 Start Page 140 | End Page 144

Keywords

WAR 

Abstract

 Background: The present study aimed to determine the rate and cause of the MORTALITY of the IRANian ex-prisoners of WAR in IRAQi detention camps during a ten- year period (1980–1990) according to the documented reports. Methods: The information extracted from the documented death certifications that have been provided by the IRAQi authorities and the Red Cross delegation. Results: At least a total of 564 IRANian PRISONERS of WAR died due to the various reasons in IRAQi detention camps that show a MORTALITY rate of 1.4% (564/40,000). The mean captivity-to-death interval was 440 (from one to 3582) days and the registered PRISONERS had more duration of captivity than the unregistered (1285 vs. 215 days, P=0.001). The median and mean ages of the individuals at the time of death were 22 and 26.4+13 years, respectively. The mean age of the civilians was higher than the others (45.3 vs. 23.7, P=0.0001). The cause of death was not clear for 44.3% of the individuals but among the others, infectious diseases (such as dysentery, sepsis, and meningitis) and injuries (resulting from WAR injuries and/or torture by IRAQi forces) were the main causes of death with 15.4% and 15.6%, respectively.Conclusion: It seems that the MORTALITY of the IRANian ex-prisoners of WAR in IRAQ is more than previously reported. Therefore, more investigation is recommended to determine the exact number of the IRANian PRISONERS who died in IRAQ.

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