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Information Journal Paper

Title

THE EFFECT OF STRENGTHENING EXERCISES ON METABOLIC FACTORS, QUALITY OF LIFE AND MENTAL HEALTH IN WOMEN WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES

Pages

 Start Page 222 | End Page 230

Keywords

QUALITY OF LIFE (QOL)Q2
MENTAL HEALTH (MH)Q2

Abstract

 Introduction: Diabetes mellitus is a heterogenous group of different metabolic disorders, characterized by chronic increase of blood glucose and proteins, lipids and carbohydrates.Materials and Methods: In this semi-experimental investigation, 17 women patients with type 2 diabetes from the clinic of the Arak Petroleum Company were selected and divided into two groups: the strengthening (9 persons) and the controls (8 persons). The strengthening group performed selected exercises for 8 weeks (3 sessions/week and 30-50 min/session). In this investigation we assessed metabolic factors (total cholesterol, triglycerides, HDL, VLDL, LDL, FBS, HbA1c and Insulin Serum) and compared SF-36 and GHQ questionnaires. Data analyses was performed with SPSS.12 and we used of the paired samples T test. Confidence level was considered at 95% (P<0.05).Results: There were significant differences between means of pre-test and post-test measures of TC, FBS, HbA1C, insulin serum, quality of life (QOL) and mental health (MH) of the strengthening group, but no significant differences were found between means of pretest and post-test measures of HDL, LDL, VLDL and triglycerides in the strengthening group and factors of control group (P<0.05).Conclusion: It seems that STRENGTHENING EXERCISES are an effective treatment for metabolic factors, QOL and MH in type 2 diabetic patients, and lead to improvement in the patient's status.

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