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Title

QUALITY OF LIFE AMONG GENERAL POPULATIONS OF DIFFERENTCOUNTRIES IN THE PAST 10 YEARS, WITH A FOCUS ON HUMANDEVELOPMENT INDEX: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW AND META-ANALYSIS

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 Start Page 12 | End Page 22

Keywords

QUALITY OF LIFE (QOL)

Abstract

 Background: The current study was conducted to estimate the integrated mean of Quality Of Life (QOL) of the gen-eral population of different countries around the world and to compare them on the grounds of the Human Devel-opment Index (HDI). Methods: Well-known international databases such as Medline, Scopus, Science Direct, Google Scholar & Google, and domestic databases including SID, IranMedex, Irandoc & Magiran were searched in 2015. The data were analyzed with the Random Effect Model, using Stata 11 software. Results: Ninety-seven studies were selected for the final analysis. The overall QOL mean in the very high HDI sub-group was 74. 26 (CI=72. 40-76. 12), which was the highest value. The lowest mean score was observed in the psycho-logical domain (M=67. 37; CI=66. 23-68. 52). In the high HDI subgroup, the highest mean was observed in the social relationships domain (M=64. 16; CI=61. 99-66. 34), and the lowest mean was observed in the environment domain (M=58. 76; CI=56. 50-61. 03). In the medium HDI subgroup, the highest mean was calculated for the overall QOL score (M=62. 62; CI=56. 35-68. 92), and the lowest mean was estimated for the environment domain (M=56. 98; CI=53. 54-60. 43). The highest mean in the low HDI subgroup was observed in the physical health domain (M=68. 17; CI=67. 43-70. 52), and the lowest mean was calculated for the environment domain (M=53. 14; CI=51. 57-54. 72). There was considerable heterogeneity in all the subgroups and domains; the values reported here are the weighted means of QOL for different countries. Conclusion: Overall, the highest means of various QOL domains were observed in the very high HDI subgroup.

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