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Title

PRESENCE OF GIARDIA LAMBLIA IN POTABLE WATER OF CHAGARMAN PROVINCE, ANDIKA CITY

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 Start Page 124 | End Page 124

Abstract

 Background: GIARDIA is a protoza that causes intestinal infection and diarrhea, especially in children of tropical zone. This type of protozoa is resistant to chlorine and can survive in the WATER for several days. GIARDIA sis causes impaired absorption of folic acid and vitamins, especially B12, which could leads anemia. Hence, the aim of this study is isolation and identification of GIARDIA from seven sample location of ANDIKA CITY.Methods: To evaluate the presence of GIARDIA, samples have been collected in 6 months from WATER of 7 stations in ANDIKA CITY. The samples were transported to the microbiology lab and evaluated based on Iranian National Standard 5860. In addition, the patients with diarrhea who referred to HEALTH CENTERs simultaneously were studied.Results: The results obtained from this study showed that during 6 months sampling, only in July in a station in Chagarman, the organism was isolated, whereas, GIARDIA isolated and identified during same months from all patients referred to the HEALTH CENTERs.Conclusion: According to referred patients to HEALTH CENTERs and presence of the organism in fecal and WATER samples in all studied months, the used system to remove the pathogenic organism in this area was not suitable.Furthermore, because of much presence of the organism in hot season and children who are an important group involved with GIARDIA, the local authorities must pay more attention to the new guidelines for removing the organism and the people who lives in this geographical area must train properly.

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