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The effectiveness of patience training on reducing grief and facilitating posttraumatic growth




 Everybody experiences the loss of a dear person and grief in their lives. Since missing a proper grieving time naturally reduces individual and social performance of people, efforts have been made to find techniques and skills for passing through grieving. Here, religion and spirituality have a great therapeutic and preventive role. This research aims to study the effect of spirituality (patience method) on reducing the impacts of grief and post-traumatic growth in disaster-stricken families. In this research, the authors used quasi-experimental study (pre-test and post-test with control group). There were 20 subjects who were selected from the grieving families that were supported by the Imam Khomeini(Mm) Relief Committee of Tehran province and were randomly assigned to experimental and control groups. For the experimental group, the authors hold 8 one-hour-long training sessions of patience on the basis of spiritual therapy one day a week. The tools of experiment were Hogan grief Reaction Checklist (HGRC) and post-traumatic growth questionnaire. The results showed that the experimental group that participated in the training sessions of patience showed a significant reduction in the effects of grieving in comparison with the control group. Moreover, teaching patience method is effective on all the subscales of the grief effects including personal growth, frustration, anger and blame, panic, confusion, and withdrawal. Also, those who participated in the experimental group showed a more post-traumatic growth in comparison with the control group. Therefore, patience training is effective on all post-traumatic growth subscales including new practices, communication with others, personal strength, value of life, and spiritual change. Considering that patience method can have a positive and constructive effect on reducing the effects of grief and post-traumatic growth, and considering that this method is based on the Islamic-Iranian model, the authors suggest it to be developed among advisors and to be used for grieving people.


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