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Demographic characteristics of patients with trauma and its related factors in patients referred to emergency departments of Ayatollah Mousavi, teaching hospital affiliated to Zanjan University Of Medical Sciences, 2017


 Start Page 11 | End Page 17


emergency medical services (EMS)Q1


 Background and Objectives: trauma is a health problem that is increasing throughout the world. The use of preventive methods in the field of trauma will be effective when the correct information about the types of trauma and their related factors are available. The aim of this study was to determine the characteristics of trauma patients, types of trauma and their related factors in trauma patients referred to the emergency department of Ayatollah Mousavi teaching hospital affiliated to the Zanjan University of Medical Sciences. Materials and Methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, demographic data and trauma-related factors were collected through data sheets of 154 trauma patients who referred to the emergency department of Ayatullah Mousavi's Emergency Department between November 22, 2017, till March 20, 2018. Data were analyzed by SPSS software version 21 using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: The results of this study showed that there is a significant statistical relationship between the type of trauma and gender (p=0. 047), and all age groups are at the same risk for motor vehicle crashes on intercity roads than other types of trauma mechanism (p=0. 039). In terms of causes of trauma, motor vehicle crashes with 53. 9%, falling with 28. 6%, and injuries due to tissue crush with 10. 4% were the most common causes of trauma. Conclusion: The results of the study showed that trauma patients’ recorded data may be considered as a priority in dealing with trauma. Preventive interventions are required for a variety of causes and mechanisms of trauma and promoting the quality of hospital and pre-hospital services can reduce its harmfulness burden on the health system.


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