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Title

THE EFFECT OF A PERSONALIZED COMPREHENSIVE REHABILITATION PROGRAM BASED ON DIFFERENT DISABILITY LEVELS ON PHYSICAL FITNESS AND FATIGUE IN PATIENTS WITH MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS

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 Start Page 9 | End Page 20

Abstract

 Introduction: In rehabilitation medicine, using targeted and PERSONALIZED approach is general, and standard interventions often do not have appropriate results. Most researches have been conducted on the effects of rehabilitation exercises on patients with MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS (MS) with mild to moderate disabilities. Research on patients with different levels of disability has not been carefully considered yet. So, this study aimed to investigate the effect of a PERSONALIZED comprehensive rehabilitation program on physical fitness and FATIGUE in patients with MS.Methods: This research was an experimental and applied study. From female patients admitted to the MS Society in Shahrekord, Iran, 96 subjects were divided into three groups, as sampling was based on physical disability scale scores (EDSS) (i.e. less than 4.5, 5-6.5, and higher than 6.5). Afterwards, each group was randomly divided into experimental and control groups. In the first group (the scale of disability was less than 4.5) n=44 and in the second group (the scale of disability was 5-6.5) n=26. Also, 26 patients were in the third group (the scale of disability was 6.5 and above). In addition, they were divided into six experimental and control groups. Training programs for the experimental groups were 12 weeks, three sessions per week and one hour per session. Factors such as physical fitness as well as psychological and physical disabilities of patients were measured with appropriate tools before and after the training. The experimental groups of 1, 2 and 3 each had their own interventions, while the control groups only received stretching exercises. The analysis of data obtained from 96 patients was conducted using descriptive statistics as well as the analysis of covariance and paired comparing of the adjusted means (P<0.05). Subjects of the three groups progressed in dependent variables; while the difference was not statistically significant in the control group.Results: Based on the results, the comprehensive rehabilitation exercises reduced physical disability and FATIGUE and increase flexibility, muscular endurance, muscular strength and the quality of life in patients with MS. The difference of the impact of these exercises on the above cases was statistically significant (P<0.05).Conclusions: The implementation of the comprehensive rehabilitation exercises affected the recovery of patients with MS and caused a significant difference in physical fitness factors, psychological factors and physical disabilities of patients. According to the results, it is recommended that experts use these exercises as a complementary therapy alongside drug treatments for patients with MS.

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