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Title

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN BODY COMPOSITION FEATURES AND SUSTAINED ATTENTION IN CHILDREN

Writers

ZEINALI ELNAZ | MOGHADDAM AMIR | GHASEMIAN MOGHADAM MOHAMMADREZA

Pages

 Start Page 130 | End Page 139

Abstract

 Background and Purpose: The change in lifestyle in recent decades has led children to change in BODY COMPOSITION, while researchers have shown that physical changes can affect cognitive components. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between some BODY COMPOSITION features with SUSTAINED ATTENTION as one of the components of cognitive function in children.Method: The method of this study was descriptive and correlational.100 children aged 7 to 9 years from Mashhad (winter 2017) were examined via the BODY COMPOSITION (Cha.1996) and continuous visual performance tests (Rosvold, 1954). For data analysis, correlation and regression tests were used.Results: The results showed that there was a significant relationship between fat percentage, body mass index, trunk fat percentage and waist to hip ratio with omission error and reaction time variability (P<0.05). On the other hand, there was a significant negative relationship between the components of total body water, body protein, basal metabolic level and skeletal muscle mass with reaction time (P<0.05). Based on regression results, the fat percentage and body mass index were able to predict omission error and the skeletal muscle mass can predict reaction time (P<0.05).Conclusion: Based on the results, each BODY COMPOSITION characteristics was associated with a specific component of cognitive function. In this regard, the components associated to the reaction time can be considered in relation to the perceptual motor aspect, while the OBESITY-related components were associated with the performance accuracy. As a result, there appears to be a specific connection between the BODY COMPOSITION features and the cognitive control structures.

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