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Title

THE ASSESSMENT OF SOCIAL SUPPORT AND SELF-CARE REQUISITES FOR PREVENTING DIABETIC FOOT ULCER IN DIABETIC FOOT PATIENTS

Pages

 Start Page 34 | End Page 40

Abstract

 Background and Objectives: DIABETIC FOOT as one of the most common complications of diabetes is involved in more than %25 of diabetic patients’ lives, and if not treated properly can lead to amputation up to %20. The lack of self-care is the underlying cause of mortality, morbidity and chronic complications of diabetes. Identification and rectifying of DIABETIC FOOT care needs of patients can additionally reduce readmission, also, %85 of DIABETIC FOOT problems can be prevented.Materials and Methods: In this descriptive study, 130 patients with DIABETIC FOOT from Shahid Modarres hospital were selected using census method. Data in forms of demographic questionnaire, self-care requisites assessment tool for preventing DIABETIC FOOT ulcer, and SOCIAL SUPPORT Behavior Scale were completed by patients and then were collected. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 16.Results: In this study, a significant relationship was found between self-care and SOCIAL SUPPORT (P < 0.05). This means that people with better SOCIAL SUPPORT reported better selfcare than those with weaker SOCIAL SUPPORT. A significant relationship in level of education and monthly income with self-care was seen, as well as in level of education, monthly income and marital status with SOCIAL SUPPORT (P < 0.05).Conclusions: The results showed that SOCIAL SUPPORT can be considered as an effective factor in individual SELF-CARE BEHAVIORs, and with regard to this factor in educational, treatment and care programs of patients, can improve their self-care, in addition to decreasing economic costs, and improve their qualities of lives as well.

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