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Title

THE NATURE AND STAGES (LEVELS) OF “DHIKR” (REMEMBRANCE OF GOD) IN THE THOUGHT OF IBN ’ARABI AND MULLĀ SADRĀ

Pages

 Start Page 25 | End Page 46

Keywords

“DHIKR” (REMEMBRANCE OF GOD)Q2
KNOWLEDGE (MA’RIFA)Q2

Abstract

 “DHikr” as the language of the heart is the most meaningful type of the relationship with God which it is constantly regarded by philosophers and mystics. IBN ’ARABI and MULLĀ ṢADRĀ have determined and reexamined this category in their opinions. In this paper with referring to the works of these scholars and collecting their views about the nature and stages of “dhikr” and after analyzing and comparing them, these outcomes have been achieved that reliance on “speculation” (khalvat) as an obligation for the real “dhikr” has been accepted by both of them. But MULLĀ ṢADRĀ believes that “knowledge” (marifa/ gnosis) and THOUGHT are two non-separable obligations of “speculation” (khalvat) which they cannot be viewed in the notion of IBN ’ARABI. Conversely, IBN ’ARABI states the relationship between “Kashf” (Unveiling) and “dhikr” which it has not been paid attention by MULLĀ ṢADRĀ. IBN ’ARABI has stated the stages of “dhikr” in the world of creation (takvin) with considering all cosmos (universe) but MULLĀ ṢADRĀ states those stages in the world of legislation and with man-centered. The result of this comparative study clears when a gnostic issue from the view of the transcendent theosophy or al-hikmat al-muta’li is looked what changes establishes.

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