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Title

PRINCIPLES OF PASSIVE COOLING SYSTEMS IN VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURAL ELEMENTS OF IRAN

Pages

 Start Page 147 | End Page 159

Abstract

 Global crises in terms of energy, environment and health are among the major challenges which human being is facing nowadays. According to these problems, architects and building designers are making major attempt to minimize nonrenewable energy consumption in buildings. They seek various ways to reduce negative impacts of building on environment while providing comfort and health for building occupants. Therefore designers are making attention to use renewable energy resources in buildings. Passive systems of energy are among the most effective methods in providing THERMAL COMFORT requirements of building occupants. Taking advantages of the local climate and site potentials, such systems make use of renewable sources of energy. Environmental sustainability could be considered as the main advantage of such systems which could be classified in the two groups as passive heating and PASSIVE COOLING SYSTEMS. In Iranian architecture PASSIVE COOLING SYSTEMS had been used for many years according to the hot climate. Therefor various architectural elements have been used in vernacular buildings of Iran. This article describes the principles of each passive cooling system, introducing various methods to control building thermal behavior. Based on the same basics, these principles have been used in contemporary elements with new forms. Describing each vernacular element, the contemporary corresponding system or element has been introduced.

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