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Title

EVALUATION OF ANTIBACTERIAL EFFECTS OF ONIONS, METHANOL EXTRACTS AND SOME ANTIBIOTICS AGAINST THE NUMBER OF FOOD BORN BACTERIA

Writers

ANZABI Y. | JAVADI A.

Pages

 Start Page 83 | End Page 94

Abstract

 In this study, ANTIBACTERIAL EFFECTs of methanol extracts of red ONIONS with the scientific name; Allium cepa L. by the method of determining of MIC and MBC and then perform ANTIBIOTIC susceptibility test by the agar disk diffusion method on the standard strains of some bacteria in terms of FOOD hygiene and were compared with the effects of some ANTIBIOTICs. Results showed that the highest inhibitory effect was on Yersinia enterocolitica and Clostridium perfrigenes (MIC=62.5μg/mL) and the lowest same effect was on Staphylococcos aureus (MIC=500mg/mL). As well as the most bactericidal effect was on Yersinia enterocolitica (MBC=62.5mg/mL) and the lowest same effect was on Staphylococcos aureus (MBC=1000mg/mL).Also the results of antibiogram tests indicated that the ONIONS, methanol extracts have optimum ANTIBACTERIAL EFFECT to the effects of the Vancomycin and Nalidixic acid as standard ANTIBIOTICs and the greatest impact of this terms submitted on Clostridium perfrigenes (gram-positive bacteria) and Yersinia enterocolitica (gram-negative bacteria) that statistically; in the range of p<0.05 showed significant difference with the effects of tested two ANTIBIOTICs. It seems that ONIONS extracts can be used as an anti-bacterial composition against of importance bacteria in the FOOD health, of course the replacement that mentioned extracts as a natural compound instead of conventional ANTIBIOTICs need more studies on this issue.

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