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Title

AUT ECOLOGY, ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY, ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY OF ACHILLEA MILLEFOLIUM L. SUB SP. MILLEFOLIUM AND FLORISTIC SPECTRUM OF MEDICINE PLANTS IN CHARBAGH MOUNTAIN IN SOUTH EAST OF GOLESTAN PROVINCE

Pages

 Start Page 65 | End Page 83

Abstract

 The aim of this study is to find the ecological requirements, phenology, ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY and ANTIOXIDANT activity of Achillea millefolium in CHARBAGH MOUNTAIN (2250m) in South east of GOLESTAN PROVINCE (North of Iran). The current research was accomplished to find out the ecological needs of some main habitats of Achillea millefolium L., ecological equipment, phenology, biological spectrum, corology and ethnopharmacological datas of medicinal plants were obtained. approximately 51 medicine species were identified and listed, which are aboundant to Liliaceae, Fabaceae, Apiaceae respectively, in which 47% of geophytes, 29% therophytes and 10% hemicryptophytes belongs to 59% Irano turanian and 21% Euroupa Siberian species. The results showed that A.millefolium L. prefers to the areas with precipitation of 339mm in semi dry-cold mediterranean climate, which prefers pH 7.8, Ec 0.34, in none saline and Sandy-silty clay soils in north and north west aspects and 900-2250 meters of altitude. Additionally, aerial parts of plant were collected in August 2011, dried and the ANTIOXIDANT activity of methanolic extract were determined by spectrophotometry method with DPPH test and were obtained with IC50 189mg/ml. Phenological phenomena starts in late of March, flowering time in late of June and continues until the end of September, fruit ripe and seed dispersal in mid of September and then fall. Ethnopharmacological results showed that this plant has been used by rural people as anti septic, anti inflammation, stop bleeding, anti spasm, sedative and healing wounds. Therefore due to traditional uses of A. millefolium in this region and its ANTIOXIDANT activity, can be used as antipathogene and natural anti oxidant in future research.

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