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Title

THE MODERATING ROLE OF SOCIAL SUPPORT IN PREDICTING THE TENDENCY OF NURSES TOWARD PSYCHOACTIVE SUBSTANCES AND ITS RELATIONSHIP WITH COGNITIVE VARIABLES

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 Start Page 1 | End Page 8

Abstract

 Introduction: Due to the significant direct relationship between health sector and patients’ mental health, and the important role of NURSES in this regard, the present study aimed at determining the moderating role of social support in predicting the tendency of NURSES toward PSYCHOACTIVE SUBSTANCEs and its relationship with COGNITIVE VARIABLES.Methods: The current descriptive, correlational study was conducted on the NURSES working in hospitals of Kermanshah, Iran in 2016. A sample of 341 NURSES was selected using the multi-stage cluster sampling method. The data were collected using the perceived social support multidimensional scale developed by Simit et al., difficulties in emotion regulation scale (DERS) developed by Grats and Roemer, metacognitive beliefs introduced by Wales and Krtraygt, and PSYCHOACTIVE SUBSTANCE abuse questionnaire developed by Bahremand et al. The data were analyzed with SPSS version 22 using Pearson correlation test and regression analysis.Results: The results of the current study showed a significant relationship between the total score of social support, emotion dysregulation, meta-cognitive beliefs, and the tendency toward psychotropic substances in the NURSES (P<0.001). Also, the results of hierarchical regression analysis confirmed the predicting role of deviant variables of meta-cognitive and emotion dysregulation in the tendency of NURSES toward psychotropic substances and the moderating role of social support in this regard. P<0.001 was considered as the level of significance.Conclusions: It seems that the COGNITIVE VARIABLES can predict the tendency of NURSES toward psychotropic substances through regression analysis test, and social support can play a moderating role in this regard.

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