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Title

DETERMINE THE CARRYING CAPACITY AND ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT IN THE DESTINATIONS OF NATURE WALKING (CASE STUDY: ZARIVAR LAKE)

Pages

 Start Page 39 | End Page 56

Abstract

 Development of tourism and increasing the number of tourists in recent years have had irreparable consequences for tourism destinations. The natural based destinations because of the brittle nature and also because of the great interest of tourists were affected more than other attractions. This issue has led managers and officials to manage visitors and reduce the impact of these visits. In recent years, several techniques have been proposed in order to manage the effects of visitor. One of these tools is the CARRYING CAPACITY. So far a number of ways to determine the CARRYING CAPACITY of tourist attractions offered, one of these methods, is the ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT. Therefore, in this study, by using of ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT model, ecological CARRYING CAPACITY of the ZARIVAR LAKE has been calculated. In this model, firstly, the ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT of consuming activities of tourists were calculated in five groups. And the ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT of each consuming activity has been determined in a variety of lands. at the next step, the calculated biological capacity was compared and ultimately, with the ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT, and ultimately by determining the ecological safety level of ZARIVAR LAKE, CARRYING CAPACITY was determined at different levels of safety. According to the made calculations, the per capita of ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT of tourists of the lake in 2014 that their number was estimated to be about 860000 people, be 0.0148321 gha, and per capita biological capacity also is 0.0170915 gha. Although the biological capacity is more than of biological capacity of the lake, since the safety index of ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT is 0.86, so the Lake has the safety level of 3 and a poor state. Calculations show that If the tourists number to be between the 500,000 and 800,000 persons, the lake state is in good condition and will be at Level 2, If the number of tourists is less than 500,000 people, the lake will be fine at level 1.

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