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Title

RACIAL AND NATIONAL IDENTITY SHAPING AND EFFECTIVE SOCIAL FACTORS ON IT AMONG KARAJ RESIDENTS

Pages

 Start Page 31 | End Page 50

Abstract

 Modern Human impression cultural and social changes society inside and outside acquired numerous identities. On the contrary ancient to become polygonal stock with religion, racial, national and cultural. At times, an individual seeks its identity in his/her clan and at some other times nation and nationality become important for the same individual. in other situation he seeks it in the combination of these two dimensions and obtains belonging and loyalty to them. The present article employs sociological, social psychology and anthropology theories design a theoretical framework and model with due regard to theoretical viewpoints and experimental resources and proposes hypotheses on the basis of them. The integrative research method includes survey and historical study. The population includes 404 people over 15 years of age related to 6 tribal groups Kurd, Fars, Tourk, Arab, Lor and Balouch residing in Karaj. The results show similarities among tribal and national identities. Tribal groups differ significantly in terms of formation national and tribal identity. Also, the results indicate that NATIONAL IDENTITY tendency is stronger than the tribal one; however, it doesn’t mean that tribal identity is weak among tribal groups. The results show that extended variables of relations, use of mass media, age and cultural capital directly and positively affect to formation tribal and NATIONAL IDENTITY. As relative deprivation feeling increased in subjects’ formation of tribal and NATIONAL IDENTITY decreased. All in all, the above five variables account for about 25% of changes in NATIONAL IDENTITY tendency among the subjects.

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