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Developing a Modern Policy Model of Cross-Border Trade Surveillance using Grounded Theory


 Start Page 23 | End Page 56


 Purpose: The main objective of this research is to develop a policy model for surveillance the business of cross-border trade. Methodology: In this research, a research methodology based on the approach of grounded theory has been used. The coding has been done in three stages: open coding, axial coding and selective coding, and through in-depth interviews with experts in this field. In this research, the statistical society of the experts in the field of oversight of cross-border trade, including managers, specialists and customs experts, was considered as the most important organization in the surveillance environment of the transnational trading, which was interviewed with theoretical sampling. In this research, from the tenth interview, repetition was detected in the data and no new concept was identified, but for more precision and reliability, interviews were conducted with twelve people. In order to evaluate this research, the criterion of acceptability was used instead of the validity and reliability criteria that more Appropriate to qualitative research. Findings: Based on the findings, more than 298 identification concepts were created through open coding, which, after eliminating duplicates, eventually created 257 saturated concepts. Which were categorized in axial coding in 28 categories. Finally, in the selective coding stage, the axis of choice was chosen and other categories were assigned to this core topic and the policy model for surveillance cross-border trade was developed. Conclusion: The most important factor in the policy-making model for surveillance cross-border trade oversight policy is single window to improve the provision of facilities and to effectively control the cross-border as well as Intelligent Risk Management, post-clearance audit, Standardization, tariff optimization, process reengineering, cross-border management, information-based surveillance, institution of surveillance cross-border trade and the Intelligence, were highlighted by the relevant actions and strategies for effective policies to improve the provision of facilities and effective control of cross-border trade.


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