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Information Journal Paper

Title

PLANNING FOREST FIRE CRISIS MANAGEMENT USING GIS & RS

Pages

 Start Page 63 | End Page 73

Abstract

FOREST FIRE causes devastating destruction of forest as an important part of human environment, releases damaging atmospheric emissions and can be a threat to public health. It is one of the instances of natural crises and how to cope with it is an example of CRISIS MANAGEMENT. Identifying the influential factors in the occurrence and propagation of FOREST FIRE and allocating resources in a proper manner considering risk zone mapping and their relationship with geographical and vegetation aspects are crucial for fire prevention and preparedness policies. Therefore, analytical process hierarchy (APH), geographic information systems (GIS), and remote sensing (RS) methods were applied to prepare FIRE RISK MAPs for 30000-hectare-wide protected area of Manesht and Ghalarang in Ilam province. Investigating high risk zones and geographical aspects of the region, several naturally occurring fire breaks were recognized and used to divide this area into 33 subdivisions in order to decide about proper action plans on fire times. Results showed that human-started fires were the major cause of FOREST FIRE in this region. Among the many factors considered, vegetation thickness had very dominant effects on fire propagation. The findings were used to give some instructions on fire CRISIS MANAGEMENT in the protected area including the three phases of preliminary action or activity before occurrence (prevention scheme), action during on occurrence (collation scheme), and action after occurrence (renovation scheme).

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