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Title

THE USE OF QUALITATIVE RESEARCH METHODS IN FEMINIST STUDIES (WITH AN EMPHASIS ON FOCUS GROUPS METHOD)

Pages

 Start Page 105 | End Page 126

Abstract

 At present era, the social sciences research transition from hard quantitative methods to soft QUALITATIVE METHODs and humanistic and interpretive approaches has reduplicated the importance of qualitative approach in social research. FOCUS GROUPS are one of QUALITATIVE METHODs which are achieved through presentation of various and numerous interpretations of reality and creation of agreed patterns. This paper describes one of the most important methods of qualitative research, (focus groups) and aspects of its implementation including voice recording, level of management intervention, number of groups, number of sessions and type of questions, and also highlights the application of FOCUS GROUPS in FEMINIST approaches. In this method, on the one hand emphasizing on group interactions and construction of meanings through interactions among individuals, and on the other hand focusing on characteristics like naturalness of environment, emphasis on social context and non-exploitativeness caused this method to be more aligned with ethical principles and policies of FEMINISTs. This has resulted in more reception from FEMINISTs in recent years, because from the FEMINIST’s perspective this method has a prominent role in echoing the women groups’ voices. Finally, this method, like all other research methods, has its limitations and contemplation on them will help to enhance research quality. Therefore, in the present article these limitations will be referred to as well.

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