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Journal: SPORT PHYSIOLOGY & MANAGEMENT INVESTIGATIONS | Year:1399 | Volume:12 | Issue:1 | Start Page:121 | End Page:135

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Title

An Investigation of Factors Influencing Women Spectators’ Presence in Football Stadiums

Pages

 Start Page 121 | End Page 135

Abstract

 The issue of women attending sport stadiums has long been discussed by experts and government authorities and has not reached a specific conclusion. Hence, the present study aimed to investigate those factors influencing women spectators’ presence in football stadiums. The research population consisted of male spectators who had only experienced to attend men's competitions, as well as women who had only attended the women's competitions. As the number of population was not obvious, 224 subjects (women=114, men=110) were selected by convenience sampling method who had attended stadiums at least 5 times. A 5-point Likert scale researcher-made questionnaire (20 items) was used to collect data. The validity and reliability were confirmed by university professors (r=0. 81). Data were analyzed by exploratory factor analysis with orthogonal rotation, Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, Friedman test and Binomial test at P≤ 0. 05. The results showed that the factors affecting the presence of women spectators were ranked by their means in 4 factors: managerial (2. 69), security (2. 63), cultural (2. 47), and social (2. 22); the priority of these factors was also significant. Accordingly, from the viewpoints of men and women, the development of sports in the family was the most important item affecting the presence of women spectators. Therefore, it is possible to gradually develop the presence of women spectators in football stadiums by developing the culture through family participation in line with Iranian cultural values and security measures.

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