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Journal: زبان شناخت
Year:1393 | Volume:5 | Issue:1
Start Page:55 | End Page:80

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Title

TWO TECHNICALITIES IN ANCIENT ASTRONOMY AND COSMOLOGY IN WIZIDAGIHA I ZADESPARAM (AN INQUIRY INTO THE READING OF ENIGMATIC ائفقثجظ IN THE PHRASE ائفقثجظ ل تسوظ ا AND INTERPRETATION OF THE PHRASE “SE KANARAG I GEHAN” IN THE PAHLAVI TEXT OF WIZIDAGIHA I ZADESPARAM (CH. 34: 25 & 28))

Pages

 Start Page 55 | End Page 80

Abstract

 This article deals with two technicalities in WIZIDAGIHA I ZADSPARAM (Ch. 34: 25 & 28); the enigmatic ائفقثجظ in the phrase ائفقثجظ ل تسوظ ا and the concept of the phrases “se kanarag i gehan”. Firstly, the enigmaticائفقثجظ is discussed which was read as “nisarik” (Zaehner, 1955: 345), a hapax legomenon in MIDDLE PERSIAN language, followed by Gignoux-Tafazzoli (1993: 120). With a slight emendation, the word can be satisfactorily read as اخقثجظ “waharig” (i. e vernal); thus the phrase runs as “vernal medium/equinoctial measure”. Then, based on the comparison of the phrases “se kanarag i gehan” (§ 25), with the existing ancient astronomical and cosmological contributions (namely, the so-called ASSYRIAN ASTROLABES and MUL.APIN TABLETS, BRAHMAṆAS and the Oration upon the sovereign sun by Julianus Apostate), the phrase is introduced as a technicality which refers to “the tripartite division of sky vault pattern (to the southern, middle and northern regions)”; a renowned procedure in the ancient oriental COSMOLOGY.

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