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Title

RELATIVISM OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND RELIGIOUS EXTREMISM

Writers

AGHABABAEI HOSSEIN

Pages

 Start Page 183 | End Page 206

Abstract

 One of the fundamental debates regarding HUMAN RIGHTS is its universality or relativity. The vision of universal HUMAN RIGHTS argues that rights enshrined in HUMAN RIGHTS documents, especially the first generation of HUMAN RIGHTS which is reflected in the Universal Declaration of HUMAN RIGHTS (UDHR) and some regional documents, are general and universal law. For instance, human dignity and the RIGHT TO LIFE are rights of human beings regardless of their region or territory. In contrast, the front view does not accept the nature of universal HUMAN RIGHTS due to the origin, culture and dominant ideology which have shaped the UDHR. So it is accepted relativity as a HUMAN RIGHTS standard.Each of these approaches will naturally lead to different effects on practice level and society. In this paper the RIGHT TO LIFE as one of the fundamental HUMAN RIGHTS has been explored from the perspective of both approaches, and the relationship between RELIGIOUS EXTREMISM and these views has been studied. The main research question is that what is the relationship between relativism of HUMAN RIGHTS and RELIGIOUS EXTREMISM? Research hypothesis is that RELIGIOUS EXTREMISM and terror, resorting to the name of religion, can be related to relativism of HUMAN RIGHTS.

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