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Information Journal Paper

Title

NATURALISM IN THE WORKS OF MAHMOUD DOWLAT-ABADI

Pages

 Start Page 149 | End Page 168

Abstract

 The narrations of MAHMOUD DOWLAT-ABADI can be considered as a prism which should be criticized in different aspects. There are threads of realistic, naturalistic and somehow surrealistic thoughts in his works. Due to the wide range of subjects, we try to analyze just a few of his naturalistic thoughts in present article.NATURALISM is the extremist form of realism. This school of literary theory assumes behavior, tendency and thought as the results of natural desires and instincts. It respects any supernatural phenomena and interprets all the facts and phenomena of nature and natural sciences. NATURALISM, in literature, emphasizes on inheritance of environment and viewing life apart from IDEALISM and tries, in this way, to draw the details even unpleasantly. Literary NATURALISM entered Iran in the period of Constitutional Movement through translation of foreign works and impacted some Iranian authors such as Sadegh Hedayat, and Sadegh Choobak. This article has studied, in a descriptive-analytic manner, the influence of NATURALISM on the works of MAHMOUD DOWLAT-ABADI.

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