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Journal: FALSAFE-YE ELM (PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE) | Year:1391 | Volume:2 | Issue:1 | Start Page:93 | End Page:114

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Title

RUSSELL'S VIEW ON INDUCTION

Pages

 Start Page 93 | End Page 114

Abstract

 The dilemma of induction is one of the most difficult philosophical problems that if solved many philosophical problems could be explained and many conclusions could scientifically be justifiable. Bertrand Russell, one of the greatest analyzer philosophers of the twentieth century, has tried to solve the problem of induction.From the Russell's point of view the dilemma of induction is a question of how to justify THE GENERAL PROVISIONS, causal laws, and indirect knowledge. He appealed that the PRINCIPLE OF UNIFORMITY OF NATURE is not enough to solve this problem, and then he suggested the reception of induction as a principle. Based on THE PRINCIPLE OF INDUCTION, the more the number of concurrences of A and B the greater is the possibility of perpetual coincidence between them and when the number of concurrences is enough constant conjunction of A with B is almost certain.According to Russell, THE PRINCIPLE OF INDUCTION is neither rationally provable nor empirically verifiable, but the principle should be accepted because of its natural evidence and finally because of its consequences. According to Russell the metalogical principles cause the PROBABILITY of generalization lean toward CERTAINTY. Finally he notes although induction can't provide us with theoretical CERTAINTY (logical and mathematical) but its near CERTAINTY PROBABILITY is more than that of a metaphysical dogma.

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