Journal Paper

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Journal: زبان و ادب فارسی
Year:1390 | Volume:3 | Issue:9
Start Page:93 | End Page:106

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Title

INCARNATION AND UNIFICATION FROM THE VIEWPOINT OF IMAM MOHAMMAD GHAZALI

Pages

 Start Page 93 | End Page 106

Abstract

 "Incarnation and UNIFICATION" are two of the controversial issues in Islamic MYSTICISM and SUFISM which have been condemned by the majority of Islamic scholars and mystics. According to these scholars, it is against Sharia'ah and Tariqa (Sharia'ah and Sufi order); however, some statements have been quoted from a few of Sufis which seemingly denote INCARNATION and UNIFICATION. The researchers with mystical order have either been uncertain on the appropriateness to attribution to Sufis, or have interpreted them in way which will lead to INCARNATION and UNIFICATION. Imam Mohammad GHAZALI is one of the hardworking and influential intellectuals in the field of Islamic MYSTICISM and SUFISM. Although GHAZALI was seriously against the idea of INCARNATION and UNIFICATION, he has engaged himself in interpreting and justifying the Great men of SUFISM. This actual fact ended to accusing him of contradicting (inconsistency) in this respect. In this study, effort has been made to investigate the issue of INCARNATION and UNIFICATION. This paper also investigates the ways of interpreting and commenting on the statements of some of the Great men of SUFISM utilizing descriptive-analytical method shedding some light on the views of Imam Mohammad GHAZALI.

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