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Journal: زبان و ادب فارسی
Year:1390 | Volume:3 | Issue:8
Start Page:120 | End Page:154

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Title

ONTOLOGY OF LIGHT AND DARKNESS AT THE THOUGHT OF SUHRAWARDI

Pages

 Start Page 129 | End Page 154

Abstract

 Light and DARKNESS are original codes in philosophical intuition of SUHRAWARDI. God, in this system of philosophy, created the universe from the type of LIGHT source called Nvralanvar from top to bottom. The top down creation cosmology is an incarnation of supreme power of God and its Truth which is unified with the LIGHT and BEING called Mlvmyt, Nvryt and Mzhryt respectively. The creation of the world from SUHRAWARDI's philosophical point of view is LIGHT source, Nvralanvar. SUHRAWARDI's ONTOLOGY-based system is the expression of devotion. God, unique holiness, is absolute devotion to the LIGHT and the LIGHT is absolute and the other LIGHTs are shining in terms of intimacy to the absolute LIGHT. Almost all philosophical ideas and theories of SUHRAWARDI are based on this fundamental view on LIGHT source which considers his ontological interpretation and explanation. This paper, first, aims at studying metaphysical foundations, LIGHT and DARKNESS ONTOLOGY and cosmology in SUHRAWARDI philosophy. LIGHT divisions and other provisions related to the ideas of LIGHT and DARKNESS and SUHRAWARDI's explanation on them are also studied in this paper.

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