Journal Paper

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Journal: اقتصاد کاربردی
Year:1395 | Volume:6 | Issue:-
Start Page:27 | End Page:38

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Title

THE POSSIBILITY OF REPLACING OIL REVENUES BY TAX REVENUES (CASE STUDY: IRAN)

Pages

 Start Page 27 | End Page 38

Abstract

 One of the goals of the fourth and fifth Iranian development plans is to reduce the dependency on OIL REVENUEs and replacing TAX REVENUEs would be the best alternative in this regard. The present study is examining the relationship between TAX REVENUEs share and other government’s revenues (including OIL REVENUEs) shares in Iran during 1978-2014 (1357-1394 corresponding to Iranian calendar). For this purpose, the net effect of applying a combined shock including increasing one-unit in TAX REVENUE along with decreasing one-unit in OIL REVENUEs is studied on TAX REVENUEs, OIL REVENUEs, BUDGET DEFICIT and the price index; by estimating a system of simultaneous equations and using Vector Autoregressive method (VAR). The results indicate that the initial instability effects of the mentioned shock are removed within 8 to 10 periods. Therefore, can be declared that there is a possibility of replacing OIL REVENUEs by TAX REVENUEs, without undesirable impact on the considered variables’ long-term conditions.

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