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Title

COMPARISON OF THE ENERGY AND MACRONUTRIENT INTAKES IN FEMALE AEROBIC ATHLETES IN TWO DIFFERENT SOCIAL- ECONOMIC AREAS IN ISFAHAN IN 2009

Pages

 Start Page 724 | End Page 734

Abstract

 Background: The purpose of this study was to assess the energy and nutritional intakes of female aerobic ATHLETEs in two different SOCIAL- ECONOMIC CLASSes.Methods: The subjects were 99 female aerobic ATHLETEs aged between 15 to 50 years old. The dietary and energy intakes were based on 2 day 24 hours food recall. The demographic details were assessed by anthropometric measurements including height, weight and waste line using a measuring tape and a scale. The collected data were analyzed using the Nutritionist IV and SPSS 18.Findings: The energy intake was 1479.19±561.86 kcal in the high SOCIAL- ECONOMIC CLASS and 1300.68±498.354 kcal in the low SOCIAL- ECONOMIC CLASS. There was no significant difference between the two areas. (P=0.98) The mean protein intake in the low SOCIAL- ECONOMIC CLASS was 17.41%±5.85 and in the high SOCIAL- ECONOMIC CLASS 54.48%±6.62.There was no significant difference between the two areas. (P=0/606) The Mean intake of carbohydrate was 61.85%±9.76 in the low SOCIAL- ECONOMIC CLASS and 54.48%±6.62 in the high SOCIAL- ECONOMIC CLASS that means the carbohydrate intake in the low SOCIAL- ECONOMIC CLASS was significantly higher than the high SOCIAL- ECONOMIC CLASS. (P<0/001) The mean intake of the fat was 23.88%±8.24 in the low SOCIAL- ECONOMIC CLASS and 30.07%±6.68 in the high SOCIAL- ECONOMIC CLASS that means the fat intake in the high SOCIAL- ECONOMIC CLASS was significantly higher than the low SOCIAL- ECONOMIC CLASS. (P<0/001).Conclusion: The findings of this study indicated that the intake of dietary fat and carbohydrate was significantly different in the two areas. This could be as a result of different food patterns in the two areas.

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