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Title

EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT LEVELS OF DENSITY ON YIELD AND OIL GRAIN OF MEDICAL PLANT SILYBUM MARIANUM IN AHWAZ CONDITIONS

Pages

 Start Page 28 | End Page 33

Abstract

SILYBUM MARIANUM as a medical plant had an effect on protection of liver diseases and wide use in pharmaciatic industry in the world. Also, this plant has a lot of oil nutrient with high quality without harmful material. Oil is one of the byproducts of this plant that has a valuable pharmaciatic importance.However, this plant selfgrows in wide area in Khozestan province and it has adapted to this area, this plant growing on low level of rainfall and nutrition. Therefore, research to improve agrotechnique practices to use simoustiniouslly medical materials and oil of this plant is of important. In this respect, an experiment was conducted as a randomized complete block desion with 4 replications and 3 plant density (40000, 60000 and 80000 plant/ha) in Ramin Agricultural Research Field. Results obtained indicate that highest grain yield was obtained with 80000 plant/ha, (p<0.05). There was no differences between 40000 and 60000 plant/ha density (p<0.01).Grain oil concentration and grain thoushands weight were not influenced by plant density. However, the potential yield of this plant was 1976 kg/ha; with 30% oil content. These results are hopefull ones in this context.

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