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Title

SHIITE DOCTRINE AND THE EMERGENCE OF ALEVI-BEKTASHI IN ANATOLIA

Pages

 Start Page 133 | End Page 147

Abstract

 The emergence of ALEVI-BEKTASHI order of dervishes was the result of political, social, economic and cultural developments that occurred widely in ANATOLIA under Seljuk dynasty. There are many factors involved in the formation of ALEVI-BEKTASHI order of dervishes such as ancient religions of Turks which were brought from Transoxiana, the presence of the great Mystic Sheikhs in ANATOLIA, the presence of Christianity and Greek culture throughout the region and the cultural policies of the SELJUKS kings. In this paper, the impact of SHIITE doctrine on ALEVI-BEKTASHI order in their early history will be considered. Concerning to many Shi‘a slogan in Alevi Bekatashi ritual ceremonies, the assumption is that the Shi‘a was associated with Alevi -Bektashis in 7th C.E. In this paper, firstly, we have a look at the political situation of ANATOLIA in 7th C.E., then, looking for the effects of shi’a doctorine on their early sources such as Maqalat by Haj Bektash Veli, Al-Fava’id, Manaqib al-qudsiyah fi Manasib al-Ensiyah, the collection of Bektashis Nafas and so on. Finally, the main SHIITE beliefs such as Ghadir event, fourteen innocence and etc. will be compared with the beliefs of the Alevi –Bektashis.

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