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Journal: JOURNAL OF ARABIC LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE | Year:1389 | Volume:1 | Issue:165.2.2 | Start Page:147 | End Page:172

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Title

NOTION OF UTOPIA IN FAWZI MA’LOUF ’S ODE:«’ALA BESAT AL - RIH»

Pages

 Start Page 147 | End Page 172

Abstract

 Utopia is an ideal society imagined and dreamed by most great thinkers. It originated in Plato’s idealism in the book “Republica”. This article deals with FAWZI MA’LOUF ’s UTOPIA in the ode: «Ala Besat al - Rih». He is a well- known poet of Arabic Romanticism. In this paper, first the conception of UTOPIA and the reason of it’s predominance in romanticism are examined, followed by a brief introduction to the ode. Regarding the narrative structure of the ode, we will discuss the drama elements such as: conflict, dialogue, time and place, used here to depict the poet’s utopia, Next section is devoted to the function and role of romantic imagination in creating poet’s ideal world. In the final section, we will demonstrate that FREEDOM as the greatest dream of the poet includes ideal concepts such as: peace, justice, true love and eternity.

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