Journal Paper

Paper Information

Journal: تاریخ
Year:1390 | Volume:6 | Issue:20
Start Page:126 | End Page:145

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Title

AMIR ESMAEIL SAMANI'S ROLE IN THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE SAMANIDS

Pages

 Start Page 126 | End Page 145

Abstract

 Ismail Bin-Ahmad is regarded as the real SAMANIDS edifice founder. After the death of his father, he served his brother who had become the successor of their father and at the year 261 (H.) he was dispatched by his brother, Nasr, to Bokhara in order to settle down the situations. Following the death of his father, Nasr, in the year 279 (H.), MO'TAZED, the then governor, issued the verdict of Ismail's ruling on mavara onnahr. At the same time in the east, the Islamic territory was engrossed with political and military streams and movement. It was these political movements that paved the way for the Samanid's eminence in ماوراء النهر and Khorasan.Amir Ismail, during his 16-year governorship conquered vast parts of mavara onnahr, Khorasan, Sistan, Tabarestan, Rey, Isfahan, Sind, India, Turkistan, and Gorgan and he founded one of the Islamic dynasties.The caliph was a capricious person and accepted everyone who claimed for peace and security in the east and sometimes the caliph threatened him to admit those people who claimed for peace and security in the east and respective to the temporal conditions he issued the verdict of deposition or appointment of the rulers and lords.Due to the common religious beliefs and economical and joinery relationship with the caliph and because the caliph had acquired religious legitimation and was under the dominance of the clergymen Amir Ismail always followed and was obedient to the caliph and practiced his instructions. And according to the Amir Ismail's religious and political allegiance to the Abbasid's system, the Abbasid governors completely paid a dear attention to him. He was a follower of sunni tradition and he respected the clergymen and the ministership didn't witness much boom in his era.

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