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Journal: مسکویه
Year:1391 | Volume:7 | Issue:20
Start Page:81 | End Page:106

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Title

THE IRANIAN SOCIETY’S REACTION AGAINST CARMELIT MISSIONERS’ ACTIVITIES IN SECOND PART OF SAFAVID ERA

Pages

 Start Page 81 | End Page 106

Abstract

 The SAFAVID period (1501-1723) indeed is the era of culmination activities of Catholic missionaries With the purpose of expansion of Roman Catholic Christianity in the world. Missionaries of the Different Catholic orders Such as the Franciscans, Dominicans, AUGUSTINIANS, Capuchins, Jesuits and Carmelites in the groups and with the support of European governments Such as France, Portugal, Spain, the Netherlands, Poland and Vatican Court were sent to Persia. Among the missionary groups in SAFAVID Iran, Carmelit missionaries had more strong presence in Iran especially in the second half of the SAFAVID era during the reign of Abbas I to the SAFAVID decline. they worked in various fields of political, religious and cultural activities. Discalced (Bare Footed) Carmelites (O.C.D) priests came to court of Shah Abbas I from 1604 and in fig Ambassadors of Pope Clement VIII (1592-1605) and Even after the decline of SAFAVIDs and until mid Zandieh, had a continuously attend in Persia. But presence and activities of Carmelites in Iran during SAFAVID dynasty caused many responses of different generations residing in Iran such as Muslims, ARMENIANS, RELIGIOUS SCHOLARS and some of catholic missioners. The purpose of this paper is dealing with the reaction of different generations in iran against the Christianity of West in the second half of the SAFAVID era during the reign of Shah Abbas to the SAFAVID decline. The findings of this study can be looked at from two sides; The first is reaction of the Iranian community that these responses reflect the depth of Iranian knowledge about international affairs. The second is shown That Carmelite missionaries behavioral policies to reduce direct confrontation with the vow of people employed.

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