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Information Journal Paper

Title

The Effect of Ideology on the View of Homeland in the Poetry of Constitutional Era and Islamic Revolution

Writers

VAFAEI ABAS ALI | Aref Naser

Pages

 Start Page 355 | End Page 376

Abstract

 The success of the Constitutional Revolution, with ideas of nationalism and reformism, and by creating profound changes in cultural, political and social domains, has made fundamental changes in the creation of nation‟ s ideology about human, the role of religion in the administration of social affairs, and patriotism and has introduced new concepts in the dominant discourse. Also, The Islamic Revolution, with its monotheistic ideology, having the goal of conferring jurisdiction to the Islamic law and establishing a political regime based on religion, has changed the worldview of the nation and the cultural and social foundations. „ Homeland‟ is one of the common themes which has been frequently used in a new concept, different from its old meaning, in the poetry of these two revolutions. In order to reveal the important and influential elements on patriotism to the truth seekers, this study has investigated the effect of nationalistic and religious ideologies on poems about homeland written by the poets living in the two eras were studied with reference to their books of poetry and other related analytical works. The concept of „ homeland‟ in the view of poets of the Constitutional Era is influenced by western culture and civilization and nationalism, while in the view of poets of The Islamic Revolution, it is inspired by religious, Islamicpatriotist teachings, also the concept of „ Islamic Iran‟ and to some extent, the concept of nationalism has been used by the link made between national and religious culture in The Islamic Revolution.

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