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Information Journal Paper

Title

MASCULINE AND FEMININE GENDER ROLES IN HEALTHY IRANIAN POPULATION ACCORDING TO TWO DIFFERENT CONSTRUCTS: BEM SEX ROLE INVENTORY VS. GM AND GF SCALES OF MMPI-2

Pages

 Start Page 121 | End Page 133

Abstract

 Objectives: The aim of the current study was to assess masculine and feminine GENDER ROLES in a group of healthy Iranian males and females, using two different instruments and to compare these findings. Method: Eighty-one male and 89 female healthy individuals participated in this cross-sectional study. GENDER ROLES were assessed using gender-masculine (GM) and gender-feminine (GF) scales derived from MMPI-2 and the BEM SEX ROLE INVENTORY (BSRI). Sex-typing was performed using median split-half method.Results: Based on the normative data of Iranian population for GM-GF scales, 48.1% of normal males and 37.1% of normal females were undifferentiated on sex-typing and none of them was considered as androgynous. However, BSRI showed that the frequency of androgyny was 6.2% in male and 10.1% in female samples and the frequency of undifferentiated individuals was 39.5% in males and 36.0% in females. Pearson’s correlation coefficient was 0.530 between GM scale of MMPI-2 and MASCULINITY traits in the BSRI and 0.528 between GF scale of MMPI-2 and FEMININITY traits in the BSRI (for both: p<0.001).Conclusion: These two instruments showed moderate correlations. However, it seems that these two instruments measure different attributes of GENDER ROLES, though they have considerable overlap.

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