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Information Journal Paper

Title

SPIRITUAL HEALTH, ITS NATURE AND THE INSTRUMENTS USED

Author(s)

OMIDVARI S.

Pages

  274-274

Abstract

 Objectives: Despite the fact that World Health Organization has not yet officially accepted SPIRITUAL HEALTH as the fourth dimension of health, most health models include SPIRITUAL HEALTH as well. Today, some organizations accrediting health care systems suggest that patients' spiritual needs be evaluated by centers providing health care. Method: This study has reviewed articles, documents and websites related to SPIRITUAL HEALTH and SPIRITUALITY and developed instruments for measuring it. Results: In spite of conducting a large number of researchers during past decades on SPIRITUAL HEALTH and SPIRITUALITY, lack of an acceptable, operational, or theoretic definition of SPIRITUAL HEALTH is observed and there are still difficulties in identifying, defining, and measuring it. Ambiguity in the definition of SPIRITUAL HEALTH, absence of specifying borders of SPIRITUAL HEALTH and SPIRITUALITY, lack of appropriate questionnaires for evaluating SPIRITUAL HEALTH, measuring other dimensions of health instead of spiritual one, and using small and non-generalized samples in the studies are some existing problems. Conclusions: There are still basic questions on SPIRITUAL HEALTH which need to be answered through going deep into it and conducting sound scientific researches, questions about its nature, dimensions and how to measure it.

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