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Journal: KNOWLEDGE & RESEARCH IN APPLIED PSYCHOLOGY | Year:1391 | Volume:13 | Issue:2 (48) | Start Page:83 | End Page:96

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Title

PRESENTATION OF CAUSAL MODEL FOR HAPPINESS BASED ON IDENTITY ASPECTS BY MEDIATING ACHIEVEMENT GOAL ORIENTATIONS

Pages

 Start Page 83 | End Page 96

Abstract

 The goal of the present study, in the framework of a causal model, was to examine the relationship between IDENTITY ASPECTs, GOAL ORIENTATIONS and affective components of happiness. Participants were 530 students (353 girls and 177 boys) selected from Shiraz University in academic year 2008-2009. The research instruments included Aspects of Identity Questionnaire (AIQ-TV) of Cheek, Smith & Tropp (2002), Achievement Goals Questionnaire of Elliot & McGregore (1991, 2001) and positive Affect and Negative Affect Scale (PANAS) of Watson, Clark & Tellegen (1985). To examine the reliability of measures Cronbach alpha coefficient, and to determine the validity, factor analysis method were applied. The hypothetical model tested by sequential simultaneous regression analyses, with the use of Baron and Kenny's (1986) steps. Results of the steps of path analysis showed that GOAL ORIENTATIONS could be regarded as mediators between IDENTITY ASPECTs and affective component of happiness and personal identity was most powerful mediator between mastery approach (b=0.30, P<0.01) and positive affect (b=0.32, P<0.01).

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